I suspect that Samuel Dyer Jr. at least had a leaning toward being a Quaker in his youth as his parents were both strong Quakers. However, in his adulthood Samuel’s, as well as some of his siblings turned back to the established church of Boston. Whether it was because their beliefs were leaning toward Calvinists rather then the Antinomians is hard to determine as Samuel went back to the more tolerant Rhode Island.
Samuel Dyer son of Samuel Dyer and his wife Anne Hutchinson, was born
Samuel married first Lydia Williams about 1687 in Boston, Suffolk, MA
He married second Mary Cotta, daughter of John Cotta and his wife Mary Moore and widow of Hugh Sampson.
He died 15 July 1724 in Newport, Newport County, Rhode Island and was buried in Common Burial, Newport, Newport, RI
Samuel and Lydia Williams Dyer had the following children:
1. Lydia Dyer born 17 November 1689. She married John Simpson 17 March 1719/1720
2. Elizabeth Dyer who married Samuel Knight 3 November 1712 in Boston
Samuel and Mary Cotta Dyer had the following children:
3. Samuel Dyer born about 1691 in Boston, Suffolk, MA
4. William Dyer in Boston, Suffolk, MA
5. Mary Dyer born in Boston, Suffolk, MA
6. Mary Dyer born 20 April 1699 in Boston, Suffolk, MA married John Thorning
7. Anne Dyer born 30 May 1701 in Bristol, Bristol Co., Rhode Island and died there 11 June 1701
8. Anne Dyer born 01 October 1702 in Bristol, Bristol Co., Rhode Island
9. Edward Dyer born 20 April 1705 in Bristol, Bristol Co., Rhode Island
Samuel Dyer was born about 1665, probably in Boston, Massachusetts where his family was living at the time. He seems to have continued to live in Boston during his first marriage to Lydia Williams, the mother of his first two daughters. Lydia was the daughter of Joseph and Lydia Williams of Boston. Her two daughter, “Lydia Dyer of Boston, spinster” and Elizabeth, the wife of Samuel Knight of Boston were named in a deed her father’s made in 1712.
Samuel married his second wife, Mary the daughter of John Cotta who was a tailor and his wife Mary Moore. Mary Cotta was the widow of Hugh Sampson and had two sons, Jeremiah born in 1688 and Hugh Jr. born in 1690. Mary was named in her father’s will of January 1722/3 (proved 6 January 1723/4) as “daughter Mary wife of Samuel Dyer of Rhode Island”. Samuel gave a deposition which was undated stating that he was the husband of John Cotta’s daughter Mary, who was Mary Sampson, a widow in 1692. Samuel also mentions his stepson, Hugh Sampson.
Samuel and Mary moved with their children from Boston to Bristol, Rhode Island about 1700. Their three youngest children were born there. Samuel’s daughters by his first wife may not have gone with them when they went to Rhode Island. Or the two sisters may have gone back to Boston when they grew up as they were back in Boston in 1712. Elizabeth married there that year and Lydia a few years after that.
Samuel was a housewright or carpenter in Boston. He owned lands in Newport, which he sold in 1687 and 1722. The land he sold in 1687 to a Charles Dyer of Newport for 200 pounds, which included a house and orchard. Samuel had property and connections in both Massachusetts and Rhode Island. I have not been able to figure out if he continued in the Quaker faith or gravitated toward the more establish church in Boston. He was a member of the established church of Boston, which he joined with his second wife in 1691. Mary’s faith may have been the factor in the Dyer family joining with the Church of Boston but like many second and third generation colonist, Samuel’s zeal seems to have settled as the mystic of the new world became just home. Going back to Rhode Island may have been more of a financial move then a spiritual one. On the other hand Samuel lived out his life in Rhode Island. His grandmother, Mary Dyer had fled to this colony with the Hutchinsons and Roger Williams who is consider the founder of the Baptist Church. Maybe while in Rhode Island he embraced the Baptist following as several generations later, his descendant, Ida May Chubb Mendoza was a strong Baptist. His children for several generations lived in Rhode Island continuing the Dyer connection to a colony started by religious rebels.
1. New England Marriages Prior to 1700 by Clarence Almon Torrey
2. The American Genealogist Vol. XXII, "Some Untraced Dyers" by Helen L. Stark, of Penn Yan, NY
3. Vital Records of Rhode Island 1636-1850, Bristol Co., edited by James H. Arnold.
4. NEHGR April 1991 "The Ancestry of Katherine Hamby, Wife of Captain Edward Hutchinson of Boston, MA" by Wayne Howard Miller Wilcox, page 258
5. "The Wives of Samuel Dyer" by Frederick W. Wead, Esq., of Boston, MA, "The American Genealogist, page 163, Vol. ___, 19___
6. Internet http://www.genweb.net/~samcasey/hutchinson.html "Register Report - Hutchinson" by Sam Behling
7. The American Genealogist, Vol. 22 #4, pp210-218, deed per Descendants of William & Mary (Barrett) Dyer of Rhode Island
8. Deed of Joseph Williams of Boston, dated 6 Dec 1712